Yale Himalaya Initiative

environment | livelihood | culture

Syllabus

Syllabus

Environment, Livelihood and Culture in the Greater Himalayan Region
June 26 - July 02, 2016

June 26
14:00 – 17:00 registration, Boji Hall (博济院) A-403

June 27: The Moving Himalayas: Zomia, Transregionality, and Planetary Ethics

8:15 – 8:30  Welcome remarks
Dan Smyer Yu, Founding Director/Professor, Center for Trans-Himalayan Studies
Alark Saxena, Program Director, Yale Himalaya Initiative

8:30 – 10:00 Keynote speaker: Mary Evelyn Tucker
Yale Himalaya Initiative Steering Committee Member
Co-Director, Yale Forum on Religion and Ecology

Living with a Universe Story: Environmental Health and Planetary Ethics”
Chairing person: Dan Smyer Yu

Required reading:

Berry, Thomas 2003 “The New Story.” In Teilhard in the 21st Century: The Emerging Spirit of Earth, eds. Arthur Fabel and Donald St. John, pp.77-88. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books. Online at journeyoftheuniverse.org (under “Film”)

Recommended readings:

Orion, May/June 2015 “A Roading Force from One Unknowable Moment: the story of the universe has the power to change history.” MARY EVELYN TUCKER in conversion with KATHLEEN DEAN MOORE. Online at journeyoftheuniverse.org (under “Film”)

10:00 – 10:25              Tea/coffee break

10:30 – 12:15  Georgina Drew, The University of Adelaide
Lecture: “Himalayan Environmental Narratives: Blame and Responsibility”
Chairing person: John Grim, Co-Director, Yale Forum on Religion and Ecology

Required reading:

Metz, John J. 2010. “Downward spiral? Interrogating narratives of environmental change in the Himalaya.” In Culture and Ecology in the Himalaya. Arjun Guneratne, ed. New York: Routledge, pp. 17-31.

Recommended readings:

Agrawal, Arun. 2005. Environmentality: Community, Intimate Government, and the Making of Environmental Subjects in Kumaon, India. Current Anthropology 161-181.

Smyer Yü, Dan. 2014. Sentience of the Earth: Eco-Buddhist Mandalizing of Dwelling Place in Amdo, Tibet. Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature and Culture8(4): 481-499.

12:20 – 13:50 Lunch

14:00 – 15:30  Alexander Horstmann, University of Copenhagen
Lecture “Beyond Escape: The emergence of Zomia and its Public Sphere”
Chairing person: Alark Saxena
Discussion Group Leader: Li Yunxia

Required reading:

Giersch, C. Patterson “Across Zomia with merchants, monks, and musk: process geographies, trade networks, and the Inner-East–Southeast Asian borderlands.” Journal of Global History, Volume 5, Issue 02, July 2010, pp.215-239.

Recommended readings:

Sara Shneiderman “Are the Central Himalayas in Zomia? Some scholarly and political considerations across time and space.” Journal of Global History, Volume 5, Issue 02, July 2010, pp.289-312.

Michaud, Jean “Livelihoods in the Vietnamese Northern Borderlands Recorded in French Colonial Military Ethnographies 1897–1904.” The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology, 2015 Vol. 16, No. 4, 343–367.

15:30-15:55     Tea/Coffee break

16:00 – 17:30  Dan Smyer Yu, Yunnan Minzu University
Lecture “Trans-Himalayan Perspectives: Opportunities for Transboundary Area Studies”
Chairing person: Georgina Drew

Required reading:

van Schendel, Willem 2002 ‘Geographies of Knowing, Geographies of Ignorance: Southeast Asia from the Fringes.’ Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 20, 6, pp.647-68.

Recommended reading:

Van Schendel, Willem 2005 “Spaces of Engagement: How Borderlands, Illicit Flows, and Territorial States Interlock.” In Willem van Schendel and Itty Abraham, eds., States, Borders, and the Other Side of Globalization, Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, pp.38-68.

June 28:  Trans-Himalayan Bio-cultural Diversities: Intersecting Ecology, Borderlands, and Heritage​

8:15 – 10:00 Alark Saxena, Yale University

Lecture “Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in the Himalayas”

Chairing person: Georgina Drew

Discussion Group Leader: Li Quanmin

Required reading:

1.     Why the Hindu Kush Himalayas Matter

2.     WWF - The Eastern Himalayas: Where the Worlds Collide

3.     Sharma et. al. (2008): Biodiversity in the Himalayas – Trends, Perception and Impacts of Climate Change – IMBC, Kathmandu, Nepal (ICIMOD)

4.     The status and distribution of fresh water biodiversity in eastern Himalayas

5.     Framework for valuing Ecosystem Services in the Himalayas

Recommended readings

1.     The Himalayas Amazing Biodiversity

2.     Payment of Eco-system services – Schemes for conserving sardu watershed Nepal [Introduction and Conclusion/Recommendations]

10:00 – 10:25  Tea/coffee break

10:30 – 12:15 John Grim, Co-Director, Yale Forum on Religion and Ecology

Lecture “Indigenous Traditions and Ecology”
Chairing person: Dan Smyer Yu

Required reading:

Grim, John “Indigenous Knowledge, Technology, and Modernity” 

Recommended readings:

Grim, John and Mary Evelyn Tucker “The Movement of religion and ecology.” In Routledge Handbook of Religion and Ecology, eds. Willis J Jenkins, Mary Evelyn Tucker, John A Grim. London: Routledge, 2016.

12:20 – 13:50  Lunch

14:00 – 15:30  Alexander Horstmann

Lecture “Saintly Entrepreneurialism and Cultural Aspirations of the Buddhist Saints in the Borderlands of Thailand, Laos, Myanmar and Southwest-China”

Chairing person: Dan Smyer Yu

Required reading:

Schoberb, Juliane “The Longevity of Weikza and Their Practices.” The Journal of Burma Studies Vol. 16 No, 2 (2012), pp. 283–307.

Recommended readings:

Cohen, Paul T. “Buddhism Unshackled: The Yuan ‘Holy Man’ Tradition and the Nation-State in the Tai World.” Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, Vol. 32, No. 2 (Jun., 2001), pp. 227-247.

Cohen, Paul T. “A Buddha Kingdom in the Golden Triangle: Buddhist Revivalism and the Charismatic Monk Khruba Bunchum.” The Australian Journal of Anthropology, 2000, 11:2, 141-154.

15:30 – 15:45  Tea/coffee break

15:45 – 17:15  Wang Jianhua, Yunnan Minzu University

Lecture “From Traditional Frontier to Modern Borderland: Political Ecology of Rubber Plantation in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China”

Chairing person: Hans Steinmueller, London School of Economics

Required reading:

Sturgeon, Janet “Governing minorities and development in Xishuangbanna, China: Akha and Dai rubber farmers as entrepreneurs.” Mountain Research and Development Vol 26, No. 3, August 2006:254–262

Recommended readings:

Xu, Jianchu “The Political, Social, and Ecological Transformation of a Landscape.” Mountain Research and Development, 26(3):254-262.

June 29  Revisiting Historical Gateways and Corridors: Empires, Pilgrims, and Commercial Flows

8:15 – 10:00 Georgina Drew

Lecture “Cultural Connections and Himalayan Hibridities”

Chairing person: Alexander Horstmann

Required reading:

Fisher, James F. 1985. “The Historical Development of Himalayan Anthropology.” Mountain Research and Development 5(1): 99-111.

Recommended readings:

Robinson, Andrew. 2015. Lost and found (Indus civilization in Indus Valley). History Today. 65(12):10-18.

Shneiderman, Sara. 2014. “Himalayan border citizens: Sovereignty and mobility in the Nepal-Tibetan Autonomous Region (TAR) of China border zone.” Political Geography 35:25-36.

10:00 – 10:25 Tea/coffee break

10:30 – 12:15  Han Steinmueller, London School of Economics

Lecture “From Radiation to Penetration? State formation in the Highlands of Southeast Asia”

Chairing person: Georgina Drew

Required reading:

Tooker, Deborah E. “Putting the Mandala in Its Place: A Practice-Based Approach to the Spatialization of Power on the Southeast Asian `Periphery’–The Case of the Akha.” The Journal of Asian Studies 55, no. 2 (1996): 323–58. 

Recommended readings:

Jonsson, Hjorleifur. “Presentable Ethnicity: Constituting Mien in Contemporary Thailand.” In Dislocating Nation-States: Globalization in Asia and Africa, edited by Patricio Abinales, Noburo Ishikawa, and Akio Tanabe, 227–52. Melbourne: Trans Pacific Press, 2005.

Tooker, Deborah E. “Modular Modern: Shifting Forms of Collective Identity among the Akha of Northern Thailand.” Anthropological Quarterly 77, no. 2 (2004): 243–88.

Tambiah, Stanley J. “The Galactic Polity: The Structure of Traditional Kingdoms in Southeast Asia*.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 293, no. 1 (1977): 69–97. 

12:20 – 13:50  Lunch

14:00 – 15:30 Alexander Horstmann

Lecture “Local and Universalist Human Rights Discourses among the Karen in Southeast Myanmar”

Chairing person: Hans Steinmueller

Required reading:

Horstmann, Alexander 2014 “Stretching the Border: Confinement, Mobility and the Refugee Public among Karen Refugees in Thailand and Burma.” Journal of Borderlands Studies. http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/rjbs20

Recommended reading:

Fiskesjö, Magnus “Mining, history, and the anti-state Wa: the politics of autonomy between Burma and China.” Journal of Global History, Volume 5, Issue 02, July 2010, pp. 241-264.

15:30 – 15:45  Tea/coffee break

15:45 – 17:45 Mary Evelyn Tucker

Film screening Journey of the Universe

Chairing person: Dan Smyer Yu

Required reading:

Mary Evelyn Tucker “JOURNEY OF THE UNIVERSE: The Lineage of a New Story

June 30  From Glaciers to Rivers: Transboundary Water, Climate Change and Environmental ethics    

8:15 – 10:00 Georgina Drew

Lecture “Himalayan Epistemologies and Ontologies of Water and Climate”

Chairing person: Alark Saxena

Required readings:

Xu, Jianchu et al. 2009. The melting Himalayas: Cascading Effects of Climate Change on Water, Biodiversity, and Livelihoods. Conservation Biology 23(3): 520-530.

Drew, Georgina. 2012. “A Retreating Goddess? Representation and Interpretation of Glacial Retreat at India’s Gangotri Glacier.” Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature, and Culture6(3): 344-362.

Recommended readings:

Spoon, Jeremy. 2015. Everyday Buddhism and Environmental Decisions in the World’s Highest Ecosystem. Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature and Culture 8(4): 429-459.

Supplementary: Revkin, Andrew C. 2012. Academy finds mixed climate impacts on Himalayan glaciers, water supplies. The New York Times (12 September).http://dotearth.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/09/12/academy-finds-mixed-climate…

10:00 – 10:25 Tea/coffee break

10:30 – 12:15      Mary Evelyn Tucker

Lecture “Religion and Ecology: Cosmovisions and Sustabainability

Chairing person: Georgina Drew

Required reading:

Tucker, Mary Evelyn and John Grim “The Nature of Religious Ecology: Nurturing, Grounding, Orienting, Transforming.” In Ecology and Religion, M.E. Tucker and J. Grim. Washington D.C.: Island Press.

Recommended readings:

Bauman, Whitney “Introduction: the Emergence of Planetary Identities.” In B. Whitney 2014 Religion and Ecology: Developing a Planetary Ethic. New York: Columbia University Press.

Tucker, Mary Evelyn and John Grim “Introduction: The Emerging Alliance of World Religions and Ecology.”

12:20 – 13:50  Lunch

14:00 – 15:30 Georgina Drew

Lecture “Contested Modernities in a Changing Himalaya”

Chairing person: Alexander Horstmann

Required reading:

Campbell, Ben. 2010. Rhetorical routes for development: a road project in Nepal. Contemporary South Asia 18(3): 267-279.

Recommended readings:

Lord, Austin. 2016. Citizens of a hydropower nation: Territory and agency at the frontiers of hydropower development in Nepal. Economic Anthropology 3: 145-160.

Hillman, Ben. 2003. Paradise under construction: Minorities, Myths, and Modernity in Northwest Yunnan. 4(2): 175-188.

15:30 – 15:45  Tea/coffee break

15:45 – 17:45 Dan Smyer Yu

Film screening “Embrace”

Chairing person: John Grim

Recommended reading:

Smyer Yü, Dan. 2014. Sentience of the Earth: Eco-Buddhist Mandalizing of Dwelling Place in Amdo, Tibet. Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature and Culture8(4): 481-499.

**17:45  Summer School Group Photo

July 1:  Aporia of Development and Sustainable Environment: Modernity, Agency and Resilience

8:15 – 10:00 Alark Saxena

Lecture “Sustainability, Resilience and Green Economy in the Himalayas.

Lecture”

Chairing person: Mary Evelyn Tucker

Discussion Group Leader: Yang Cheng

Required reading:

1.     Karki (2011) From Rio 1992 to 2012 and beyond: Sustainable Mountain Development – Hindu Kush Himalaya Region – Part III – Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Mountain development.

2.     Why Mountains Matter: for Forest and Biodiversity: A call for action on SDGs

3.     Mountains and SDGs : call for Action

Recommended reading:

1.     UN General Assembly (2013) Sustainable Mountain Development : Report of the Secretary General

10:00 – 10:25 Tea/coffee break

10:30 – 12:15     Alexander Horstmann      

Lecture “Erik Mueggler: The Paper Road”

Chairing person: Dan Smyer Yu

Required reading:

Mueggler, Erik “A Carceral Regime: Violence and Social Memory in Southwest China.” Cultural Anthropology 13(2):167-192

Recommended reading:

Mueggler, Erik “Corpse, Stone, Door, Text.” The Journal of Asian Studies, Volume 73, Issue 01, February 2014, pp.17–41.

12:20 – 13:50  Lunch

14:00 – 15:30  Alexander Horstmann

Lecture: The Humanitarian Economy

Chairing person: John Grim

Required reading:

Toyota, Mika “Contested Chinese identities among ethnic minorities in the China, Burma and Thai borderlands.” Ethnic and Racial Studies, 2003, 26:2, 301-320.

Recommended reading:

Michaud, Jean “Livelihoods in the Vietnamese Northern Borderlands Recorded in French Colonial Military Ethnographies 1897–1904.” The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology, 2015 Vol. 16, No. 4, 343–367.

15:45   Summer School Closing Ceremony

Yale Himalaya Initiative, Yale Forum on Religion and Ecology and Center for Trans-Himalayan Studies award Yale University Certificates to participants.

16:00 Summer School ends